Puma Punku is a large temple. It is located near Tiwanaku, Bolivia. It is a part of a larger archaeological site known as Tiahuanacu. The origin of the temple is a mystery, but based on carbon-14 dating of organic materials found at the site, archaeologists believe the complex and have been built by the Tiwanaku Empire, one of the world’s most ancient civilizations. important before the Inca Empire, which flourished over the years. 300 and 1000. AD.
The most fascinating thing about Puma punku is the stonework. Puma punku was a terraced earthen mound initially lined with megalithic blocks each weighing several dozen tons. The red sandstone and andesite stones were cut with such precision that they fit perfectly and are bonded together without the use of mortar. The technical finesse and precision displayed by these blocks of stone are astonishing. Even a razor blade cannot slip between the rocks. Some of these blocks have a “machined” quality finish and the holes are drilled to perfection. It is assumed that this was achieved by a civilization that did not have a writing system and was unaware of the existence of the wheel. Something is wrong.
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Puma Punku is a part of a temple complex in Bolivia, Andes Mountains. It was constructed approximately in AD 536–600, however, many scientists argue that the site is much older.
It is believed to be the site where the world was created in Inca traditions. Puma Punku is a place full of strange blocks, the biggest one is 7.81 meters long, 5.17 meters wide, and averages 1.07 meters thick.
What’s so Special about these Stones?
1. The Weight.
These stones are massive, the biggest one that I described earlier weighs approximately 131 tonnes, and the second biggest stone is 85 tonnes.
Keep in mind, that people somehow brought them to this place 1,420 years ago. To put things into perspective, this machine weighs 60 tonnes.
2. Site Location.
Puma Punku site is located at an altitude of 3.9 km (12,800 feet).
This means that whoever was transporting the rocks had to work even harder, because the site is so far above, in the Mountains. Moreover, Puma Punku is located above the natural tree line, which means that no trees grew in that area- no trees were cut down to use wooden rollers.
This is the most mind-blowing one. It is still not known what tools were used to make such precise cuts, shapes and forms. Maybe people back then weren’t as “primitive” as we think…
Modern Technology makes it easier to Rebuild the Puma Punku
Until recently, due to the condition and location of so many stones scattered across the landscape, there was no way to truly “see” what Puma Punku may have looked like in its prime. Thanks to the work of researchers at the University of California at Berkeley, the mapping of Puma Punku made it possible to put the ancient archaeological site into perspective.
Using historical data, 3D printed parts, architectural software, and Berkeley archaeologist Alexei Vranich’s virtual reconstruction of Puma Punku offers a glimpse into the original appearance.
Vranich said the ruins were reminiscent of a giant Lego set, saying: “We tried to take advantage of archaeologists’ acquired ability to mentally visualize and rotate irregular objects in space by providing them with 3D printed objects that they could physically manipulate. ”
Were the Monuments beyond the Capabilities of Human Beings?
Puma Punku was an innovative Andean architectural achievement. “Spanish conquistadors and all others who visited the site through the 16th and 17th centuries described it as a “wonderful, if unfinished, building with doors and windows cut from individual blocks.”
Pumapunku demonstrated a level of craftsmanship largely unmatched in the pre-Columbian New World and was often considered the architectural pinnacle of Andean lithic technology before the arrival of Europeans. Even today, the temple’s masonry is considered so precise that former alien enthusiasts claim it was made using lasers and other alien technology.
David Childress, the author of Lost Cities and Ancient Mysteries of South America, noted that the huge chunks of granite were seemingly scattered like blocks of children’s toys as if a giant cataclysm had levelled Puma Punku in one fell swoop. The Archaeologists are baffled by what Puma Punku was and what it looked like, Childress said. The purpose of these immense structures has not yet been explained.
We are no Closer to Solving the Mystery of Puma Punku
What. Modern archaeologists are not willing to entertain the idea of using lasers, ancient extraterrestrial visitations or otherworldly means to transport stone blocks for miles without mechanized vehicles.
Where does this leave us?
We can add another possible clue to this story. The Puma Punku mummies, preserved at one of the most sacred sites in Tiwanaku, provide evidence that psychoactive and hallucinogenic plants were regularly consumed by all members of society, from babies to the elderly. It remains to be demonstrated whether their forays into other dimensions offered these early peoples any particular insight into how to create their megaliths or even contact beings who could teach them advanced methodologies.
Puma Punku was a sizable complex of plazas and ramps adjoining a massive, T-shaped platform, and it featured gateways and windows carved from single blocks of stone, according to Vranich.
But over hundreds of years, the complex was plundered over and over again. Reconstruction efforts in 2006, though well-intended, only made things worse. The project’s archaeologists were under intense political pressure to finish quickly, and the results didn’t conform to the archaeological record, sowing even more confusion about what Pumapunku used to look like, Vranich reported.
“There isn’t a single stone in place,” Vranich told Live Science in an email. “All the blocks have been moved or were never placed in their intended place. Several have been lost, and others have been heavily damaged.” And since the complex’s design was thought to be unique, there were no other examples to inform their reconstruction, Vranich explained.
For the new study, the team pored over measurements and references from historical records “in different languages and varying degrees of legibility,” translating the results into a virtual modelling program that focused on the geometry of the fragments.
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